Pain is an indication of tissue injury or a problem in your body. Despite it being a natural response, extreme pain can have a negative impact on you socially, economically and emotionally. It can interfere with sleep, nutrition, mobility and emotional wellbeing. While the perception of pain varies from person to person, it may be acute or chronic. Acute pain is usually relieved by treating the cause, while chronic pain is more complex, and requires thorough assessment and multidisciplinary approach to management. Home health care focuses on assessing and managing pain.
In order to determine the nature of your pain, a careful assessment is made of the history, location, intensity and quality of your pain, and its effect on your behavior. You are asked to grade your pain on a pain scale of 1 to 10, and identify what aggravates or relieves it. A complete physical examination is performed, specifically on the area of pain. Apart from these, various tools exist to evaluate pain in patients with cognitive impairment or limited communication ability.
Management of chronic pain involves trying to minimize pain while maximizing function. It includes the use of:
Home health care also provides self-management support, where you and your caregiver are educated and trained on effective pain management strategies that can improve pain relief and function in the long-term.